Home Global warming What is climate change and how can we stop it?

What is climate change and how can we stop it?


Climate change continues to be one of the world’s most popular political topics.

If the world doesn’t act now, by 2100 scientists are predicting the Earth will not be the same.


Climate change has started to affect the polar bear population

What is climate change?

Climate change is associated with two things, global warming caused by human-made greenhouse gas emissions and the resulting large-scale changes in weather patterns.

Although some do not believe it, scientists have long provided substantial evidence including increasing global temperature, warming oceans, shrinking ice caps, extreme weather events and more.

Climate change is relatively caused by human activities and technological changes.

How can we stop climate change?

Over the years, activists have fought for change in the hope that it can be stopped before it is too late.

The 2015 Paris climate agreement was signed with the aim of reducing climate change and limiting warming to 34.7 degrees Fahrenheit, which means that by 2050 there will be zero net emissions.

Some of the ways to stop climate change include:

Eat less meat and dairy products

One of the ways to stop climate change is to change your eating habits and reduce your consumption of meat and dairy products.

Meat and dairy products account for around 14.5% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

The 2015 agreement states that a balanced diet composed of sustainably produced plant-based and animal-source foods “presents major opportunities for adaptation and mitigation while generating significant co-benefits in human health terms ”.

Scientists estimate that if people change their diets, by 2050 it could create millions of square kilometers of land and reduce global CO2 up to eight billion tonnes per year.

Reduce theft

Another way to help eliminate climate change is to reduce the number of times you travel by air.

Planes depend on fossil fuels, and emissions from flights end up remaining in the atmosphere, causing atmospheric effects that cause the planet to warm even more.

About 2.4% of global CO2 the emissions are only from aviation, but if you reduce the number of flights, that will solve the whole problem.

For those who have to fly, the David Suzuki Foundation recommends a few steps you can take to reduce your carbon footprint, including:

  • Flight economy
  • Take direct non-stop flights
  • Take daytime flights
  • Choose airlines that offer more efficient planes
  • Compensate for your thefts

Reduce your energy consumption and your bills

Another way scientists recommend ending climate change is to reduce energy use.

By reducing your energy bills, it will reduce air and water pollution and conserve more natural resources, creating a healthier living environment.

The lower energy consumption means that the amount of toxic fumes given off by power plants is less.

Here are some ways to reduce your energy use and your bills:

  • Installation of solar panels
  • Use energy efficient devices
  • Insulate your house
  • Replace bulbs with more energy efficient bulbs
  • Updating smart power strips
Over the years, activists have fought for change in hopes that it can be stopped before it is too late.


Over the years, activists have fought for change in hopes that it can be stopped before it is too late.Credit: Getty

Drive a fuel efficient vehicle

Driving fuel efficient cars such as all electric or hybrid cars will automatically reduce their carbon footprint as they will not use as much gas which means the amount of emissions released is reduced.

In an effort to help with this, United States President Joe Biden signed an executive order in August 2021 stating that half of all new vehicles sold in 2030 should be electric.

“On average, a hybrid car can emit 46% less greenhouse gases than a regular vehicle. By combining the electric battery with traditional fuels, these cars can be an attractive option for consumers who want to start the energy transition without taking risks, ”said Matthias Alleckna, energy sector analyst, via Choose Energy.

While Biden’s order is not legally binding, it was created in an attempt to align with the Paris Agreement.

Respect and protect green spaces

Green spaces are known to filter pollutants and dust from their air while producing more oxygen and lower temperatures in urban areas.

Protecting green spaces is important in the fight against climate change because the more green spaces there are, the more benefits they will produce.

According to the National Park Authority, people can help respect and protect green spaces:

  • Take care of your lawn
  • Choose flowers and plants according to the climate and soil of the region
  • Prune and maintain your flowers, plants and shrubs
  • Compost
  • To plant a tree

Reduce consumption and waste

Pollution is one of the most serious problems associated with climate change.

The Nature Conservancy reports that ways people can reduce waste include:

  • Use a reusable bottle or cup
  • Use reusable grocery bags
  • Recycling
  • Composting
  • Avoid single-use food and drink containers
  • Buy at local farmers’ markets

What is the 2015 Paris Agreement?

The Paris Agreement was adopted in 2015 and signed in April 2016 with the aim of limit global warming to well below 2, preferably 1.5 degrees Celsius.

The international treaty, which covers climate change mitigation, adaptation and finance, has been signed by 175 parties.

When Donald Trump was President of the United States he withdrew from the deal in November 2020, but when Biden took office he signed an executive order to join on the first day of his term.

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