Climate change and global warming were the focus of the recent conference between the UN and its member countries in October and November 2021.
With the latest UN report, evidence has shown that planned and current measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are not enough.
UNEP report; Measurements of global warming are not enough
(Photo: Jean-Philippe Ksiazek via Getty Images)
The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) has released its latest Emissions Gap Report on reducing methane emissions by at least 30% between 2020 and 2030.
The report is in line with agreements reached with over 100 member countries during the 26and United Nations Conference of Parties on Climate Change (COP26) in Glasgow, Scotland, hosted by the United Kingdom between October 31, 2021 and November 13, 2021.
However, the latest UNEP report indicates that current and planned mitigation actions, including oil and gas companies, are insufficient to limit global warming.
As world leaders find ways to reduce methane and other greenhouse gases, scientists find ways to develop simpler methods to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The UNEP report is part of the International Methane Emissions Observatory (IMEO), a data-driven and action-oriented initiative whose goal is to reduce methane emissions, starting with the fuel sector. ‘energy.
Supported by the European Commission, the IMEO initiative was launched at the G20 summit on the eve of COP26.
Read also : Worsening global warming will kill 83 million people by 2100, scientists warn
Paris Agreement and United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
COP26 was organized to accelerate action against climate change and global warming within the framework of the objectives of the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
According to the UNFCCC, the Paris Agreement (also known as the Paris Climate Accord or Paris Climate Agreement) is a legally binding international treaty on climate change signed between 196 Parties at COP 21 in Paris on December 12. 2015.
The agreement entered into force on November 4, 2016, with the aim of reducing global warming by up to 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels.
In addition, the agreement commits member countries to a common cause of combating climate change and its effects, according to the UNFCCC.
The role of these member countries is to cooperate and possibly submit their reports containing the measures they will take to reduce their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
The Paris agreement centralized in the reduction of these GHG emissions of human origin since it accelerates the natural phenomenon of Greenhouse effect.
The Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) has defined the greenhouse effect as the natural heating of the Earth due to GHGs trapped in the atmosphere that prevent the sun’s heat from escaping.
The NRDC has stated that the main gases responsible for the greenhouse effect are: methane, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and fluorinated gases.
Since the dawn of industrialization, GHG emissions have increased over the past century.
According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the electricity and heat generation sector is the largest source of GHG emissions, followed by the agricultural and industrial sectors.
Challenge of reducing GHG emissions
The findings of the latest UNEP report show the clear persistence of challenges surrounding GHG reduction.
Despite the vital data available on climate change and global warming, many countries are still struggling to do their part under the Paris Agreement and the UNFCCC.
The challenge of GHG reduction is felt most by developing countries that depend on oil and gas production, forcing them to engage in fossil fuel use and other energy-related activities. energy, according to Energy Post.
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